Ua like anei ka EN 149 me FFP3?

He Anaina Kikoo

Ma ke ʻano o ka pale ʻana i ka hanu, he mea koʻikoʻi ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i nā ʻokoʻa a me nā mea like ma waena o nā kūlana like ʻole. Hoʻopili kēia ʻatikala i nā kikoʻī o ka EN 149 maʻamau a me nā masks FFP3, e ʻimi ana i kā lākou wehewehe, koi, a me nā noi kūpono. Eia kekahi, e wehewehe mākou i nā kuhi hewa maʻamau a hōʻike i ke koʻikoʻi o kēia mau kūlana i ka hōʻoia ʻana i ke olakino hanu.

● Hoʻomaopopo i nā Kūlana EN 149 a me FFP3



○ Nānā o EN 149



ʻO EN 149 kahi maʻamau ʻEulopa e wehewehe i nā koi, hoʻāʻo a me ka hōʻailona ʻana no ka kānana ʻana i ka hapalua masks i hoʻolālā ʻia e pale aku i nā ʻāpana. Hoʻokaʻawale ka maʻamau i nā masks i ʻekolu mau papa e pili ana i kā lākou kānana pono ʻana a me nā koina hana ʻē aʻe: FFP1, FFP2, a me FFP3. Kōkua kēia ʻōnaehana hoʻohālikelike i nā mea hoʻohana e koho i ka mask kūpono no nā noi kikoʻī, e hōʻoia ana i ka palekana maikaʻi loa.

○ Hoʻolauna i nā maka FFP3



Hōʻike nā maka FFP3 i ka pae kiʻekiʻe o ka pale i loko o ka maʻamau EN 149. Hāʻawi lākou i ka pono kānana liʻiliʻi loa o 99%, e kūpono ana iā lākou no nā kaiapuni me nā kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe o nā mea ea ea, e like me ka wehe ʻana i ka asbestos a me ka hana lāʻau lapaʻau. He mea koʻikoʻi kēia mau masks no ka pale ʻana i nā ʻāpana maikaʻi loa e kū nei i nā pilikia olakino.

● Hoʻomaopopo i ka EN 149 Classification



○ Nā Papa Mākaʻikaʻi Ma lalo o EN 149: FFP1, FFP2, FFP3



Ua wehewehe ʻo EN 149 i ʻekolu mau papa o ka kānana ʻana i ka hapalua masks e pili ana i kā lākou pono kānana ʻana.
- FFP1 : Nā kānana ma kahi o 80% o nā ʻāpana ea.
- FFP2 : Nā kānana ma kahi o 94% o nā ʻāpana ea.
- FFP3 : Nā kānana ma kahi o 99% o nā ʻāpana ea.

Loaʻa i kēlā me kēia papa nā noi kikoʻī a me ke kūpono e pili ana i ka pae o ka pale e pono ai.

○ Kānā i nā palena komo



Hoʻoholo ʻia ka palena hoʻopaʻa kānana no kēlā me kēia papa mask ma lalo o EN 149 ma kahi kahe ea o 95 L/min:
- FFP1 : Ke komo kiʻekiʻe o 20%.
- FFP2 : Ke komo kiʻekiʻe o 6%.
- FFP3 : Ke komo kiʻekiʻe o 1%.

Hōʻoia kēia mau palena i ka hāʻawi ʻana o nā masks i ka pale kūpono i nā ʻano ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana olakino.

● He aha ka mea e wehewehe ai i ka mask FFP3?



○ Hoʻomaʻamaʻa kānana o FFP3



Hoʻolālā ʻia nā masks FFP3 e hāʻawi i ka pae kiʻekiʻe o ka kānana particulate ma lalo o ka maʻamau EN 149. Me ka liʻiliʻi o ka filtration pono o 99%, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o kēia mau masks i ka kānana ʻana i nā mea pōʻino, me nā maʻi virus, bacteria, a me ka lepo maikaʻi.

○ Nā kikoʻī leakage i loko



Ma kahi o ka pono kānana kiʻekiʻe, pono e hoʻokō nā masks FFP3 i nā koi leakage i loko. ʻO ka nui loa o ka leaka i loko no nā masks FFP3 he 2%. ʻO kēia haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa leakage e hōʻoia i ka liʻiliʻi o ka ea unfiltered bypassed i ka mask, e hāʻawi ana i ka pale hanu ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi.

● Hoʻohālikelike o nā maka FFP1, FFP2, a me FFP3



○ Nā ʻokoʻa o ka hiki ke kānana



- FFP1 : He kūpono no nā haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa o nā ʻāpana ea, hoʻohana maʻamau i nā kaiapuni me ka lepo ʻona ʻole.
- FFP2 : Hāʻawi i ka palekana kūpono, hoʻohana maʻamau i nā ʻoihana e like me ke kūkulu ʻana a me ka mahiʻai.
- FFP3 : Hāʻawi i ka pae kiʻekiʻe o ka pale, pono i nā wahi kiʻekiʻe e like me ka mālama olakino a me ka wehe ʻana i ka asbestos.

○ Nā hoʻohana kūpono no kēlā me kēia ʻano mask



- FFP1 : Nā papahana DIY, lepo māmā.
- FFP2: Nā noi ʻoihana, nā hoʻonohonoho mālama olakino me ka ʻike haʻahaʻa i nā pathogens.
- FFP3 : Nā kaʻina hana lapaʻau koʻikoʻi, ka mālama ʻana i ka lepo weliweli a me nā aerosol.

● Nā Koina hoʻāʻo a me ka māka ʻana ma lalo o EN 149



○ Nā Koina Ho'āʻo Laboratory a me ke kahua



Kauoha ʻo EN 149 i nā kaʻina hana hoʻāʻo ikaika e hōʻoia i ka hana mask. Aia kēia mau hoʻokolohua:
- Kānana Penetration Test: E ana i ka hiki o ka mask ke kānana i nā ʻāpana.
- Ho'āʻo Leakage Inward: E loiloi i ke kūpono o ka mask a pale i ka ea kānana ʻole mai ke komo ʻana.
- Hoʻomaʻamaʻa hana hoʻomaʻamaʻa: loiloi i ka hana o ka mask ma lalo o nā kūlana hana maoli.

○ Ka Hoailona a me ka Lepili o na Maka



Pono e hōʻailona maopopo ʻia nā masks e like me EN 149 me ka ʻike aʻe:
- Ka inoa o ka mea hana.
- Papa maka (FFP1, FFP2, a i ʻole FFP3).
- Ka maʻamau a me ka makahiki o ka paʻi ʻana (e laʻa, EN 149:2001+A1:2009).
- Nā hōʻailona hou, e like me NR (Not Reusable) a i ʻole R (Reusable).

● Hoʻohana hou a me nā hōʻailona hou



○ NR (ʻAʻole hiki ke hoʻohana hou ʻia) vs. R (hiki ke hoʻohana hou ʻia)



Hoʻokaʻawale ʻo EN 149 ma waena o nā masks i manaʻo ʻia no ka hoʻohana hoʻokahi (NR) a me nā mea hiki ke hoʻohana hou ʻia (R). Pono nā masks hiki ke hoʻohana hou ʻia e kū i nā lole he nui me ka ʻole o ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana i ko lākou hiki ke pale.

○ Nā hōʻailona hou e like me D, V, a me nā hoʻohana kikoʻī



- D: E hōʻike ana ua hala ka mask i ka hoʻāʻo lepo dolomite, e hoʻonui i kona ola lawelawe.
- V : E hōʻike ana i ka loaʻa ʻana o kahi pahu exhalation, e hōʻemi ana i ke kū ʻana o ka hanu.
- S/L : Hōʻike inā hoʻolālā ʻia ka mask no ka lepo paʻa (S) a i ʻole ka noe wai (L).

● EN 149 vs. Nā Kūlana Kūlana ʻē aʻe



○ Nā mea like me N95 (US) a me KN95 (Kina)



Hoʻohālikelike ʻia nā masks FFP2 ma lalo o EN 149 me nā masks N95 ma United States a me nā masks KN95 ma Kina. Pēlā nō, hāʻawi nā masks FFP3 i ka pale e like me N99 masks ma US. Eia nō naʻe, aia nā ʻano like ʻole i nā protocol hoʻāʻo a me nā koi hou aʻe ma waena o kēia mau maʻamau.

○ Nā ʻokoʻa i nā koi hoʻāʻo



Aia ka EN 149 i nā koi hoʻāʻo kūʻokoʻa ʻaʻole i loaʻa i nā kūlana ʻē aʻe, e like me ka paraffin oil aerosol test a me ka loiloi ʻana i nā pae hoʻohaʻahaʻa kaomi ma nā kahe kahe like ʻole. ʻO kēia mau hoʻokolohua hou e hōʻoia i ka hāʻawi ʻana o nā masks i ka pale kūpaʻa a hilinaʻi ma lalo o nā kūlana like ʻole.

● Hoʻohana Lapaʻau o EN 149 FFP2 a me FFP3 Masks



○ Palekana mai nā Virus Respiratory



Hoʻohana pinepine ʻia nā masks FFP2 a me FFP3 i nā hoʻonohonoho mālama olakino e pale aku i nā maʻi hanu, me SARS a me COVID-19. ʻO kā lākou hana kānana kiʻekiʻe e kūpono iā lākou no ka pale ʻana i ka lawe ʻana i nā pathogens airborne.

○ Haʻawina Hana a me nā noi hoʻokō



Ua hōʻike ʻia nā haʻawina ʻo ka hoʻonui ʻana i nā masks FFP3 i nā hoʻonohonoho o ka haukapila hiki ke hōʻemi nui i nā maʻi e pili ana i ka papa ma waena o nā limahana mālama olakino. No ka laʻana, ʻo ka hoʻokō ʻana i nā mea hanu FFP3 ma ka Halemai o Addenbrooke ma Cambridge i hōʻike ʻia e hōʻoki i nā maʻi COVID-19 i ʻole ma waena o nā limahana.

● EN 149 Nā Hui Kūlike a me ka hōʻoia



○ ʻO nā hui nui no ka hoʻokolokolo a me ka hōʻoia



Ua ʻae ʻia kekahi mau hui ʻEulopa e hoʻopuka i nā palapala hōʻoia e hōʻoia ana i ka mask conformity i EN 149:
- INRS a me APAVE : Palani
- INSPEC : Pelekania Nui
- Institute for Occupational Safety and Health of the German Social Accident Insurance : Kelemānia
- CIOP-PIB : Polani

○ Koʻikoʻi o ka hoʻokō a me ka palekana



ʻO ka hoʻopili ʻana i ka EN 149 e hōʻoia i ka hāʻawi ʻana o nā masks i ka palekana hilinaʻi, hoʻonui i ka palekana o ka mea hoʻohana i nā wahi like ʻole. ʻAʻole hiki ke hāʻawi i nā masks kūpono ʻole e hāʻawi i ka pale kūpono, e hōʻeha ana i nā pilikia olakino i nā mea hoʻohana.

● Ka Manaʻo Manaʻo: ʻO EN 149 a me FFP3 ka mea like?



ʻOiai pili pili ʻo EN 149 a me FFP3, ʻaʻole like lākou. ʻO EN 149 kahi maʻamau piha e pili ana i nā masks FFP1, FFP2, a me FFP3, hāʻawi kēlā me kēia i nā pae like ʻole o ka pale. ʻO FFP3 e pili ana i ka papa palekana kiʻekiʻe loa i loko o kēia maʻamau. Pono ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i nā nuances a me nā koi o EN 149 no ke koho ʻana i ka mask kūpono no nā noi kikoʻī.

● HoʻolaunaHoku Alohilohi



"Hoʻopaʻa i ka pale ʻana i ke olakino hanu kanaka āpau," aia ʻo Hangzhou Ti Yun Industrial Co., Ltd. (Shining Star Electronic Technology Co., Ltd.) ma Hangzhou, kokoke i ka Canal Nui Beijing-Hangzhou. He ʻāpana o 12,000m², hoʻolaha ʻo Shining Star i ka hoʻolālā, hoʻomohala ʻana, a me ka hana ʻana i nā masks kiʻekiʻe. Me ka ʻoi aku o 20 mau makahiki o ka ʻike a me ka mālama ʻana i nā kūlana e like me NIOSH, CE EN149: 2001 + A1: 2009, a me Kina GB2626, ua hoʻolaʻa ʻia ʻo Shining Star i ka hāʻawi ʻana i nā ʻōnaehana pale hanu hou, kiʻekiʻe, a maikaʻi.Is EN 149 the same as FFP3?

Ka manawa hoʻouna:07-10-2024
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